New QCE Maths Subjects Explained

Mathematical Methods General maths specialist maths explained

New Senior Maths Subjects Explanation  – as briefly as possible – 2019 update

In Year 10, students select from three ‘General’ mathematics subjects (General Mathematics, Mathematical Methods and Specialist Mathematics) to study in Years 11 and 12. Prior to 2019, the maths subjects were called Mathematics A, B and C, respectively.

‘General’ subjects can count towards an ATAR (replaced OP for Year 12s graduating from 2020), for university admission straight from school. The final exams for these subjects are ‘external’ – centrally developed, rather than by each school individually. There is also an ‘Applied’ maths subject, Essential Mathematics – only one applied subject can be included in an ATAR calculation.

More explanation of how General and Applied subjects count towards an ATAR.
More information on planning for Queensland Certificate of Education (QCE) eligibility.

The ELC process prioritises the core topics which every student will cover. When students begin a new school year, we then use curriculum planner sheets from schools to prioritise other topics as needed. In this way ELC students can stay ahead of their class – ELC students then see school lessons as revision and consolidation, alleviating the workload they would have experienced if they had not seen the topics prior.

Choosing which maths

Our default expectation is for students to aim for Mathematical Methods. Read why here. For now though, some main points:

Students decide senior subjects midway though Year 10.

Of the ‘General’ (as opposed to ‘Applied’) subjects, General Maths is the least taxing. Specialist Maths must be studied alongside Maths Methods, which increases the maths workload.

It is possible to switch to an easier maths subject in Year 11 if the student finds that they really aren’t coping with the one/s they chose. It’s rare to moved to a harder maths subject because students will have missed topics which will be assumed knowledge from then on.

One big factor is puberty…the brain disruption and distractions that come with it. This comes at different times and with varying effects for each student. (It is particularly ill-timed for boys.) But all students will cope much better if they know what to expect, have learnt ahead, and have set in place the right habits before their brain goes AWOL.

If Maths Methods will likely be a prerequisite for their desired degree, we usually recommend doing it at school. But worth keeping in mind is that universities do provide bridging courses (like this one at QUT for example) for those who did not complete Maths Methods at school but who will need it for university. At school the pace is slower and there is more support. The summer bridging courses are intensive. But once students come out the other side of puberty and can think straight again, they are often better able to handle it.

The focus of high school maths assessments has changed from routine, familiar problems to open-ended investigations. This is catching some students unprepared. Read more.

Quick summary of each subject

The contents of the three maths differ in purpose, and they increase in complexity in this order: Essential, General, Methods, Specialist.

Mathematical Methods – recommended for most

Mostly abstract in content, based on algebra in the main. From early on, we encourage our ELC students to aim to study Maths B as it is recommended for direct career pathways in engineering, business, science, medicine, mining, information technology, mathematics, finance and economics. The content involves making and applying mathematical models in real-world situations and in purely mathematical contexts, deducing properties and communicating results.

Success in Maths B demonstrates a higher level of abstract thinking, problem solving and process application. A sound foundation in most maths topics up to this point is assumed knowledge.

Some university courses require Maths B or equivalent as a prerequisite for entry to these courses, while for others it is very helpful for understanding course content but not mandatory for entry. Successful Maths B students will find intro-level university maths courses quite stress-free.


Specialist Mathematics

Maths B students can choose to study Maths C as well, to extend their advanced maths skills to cover more specialised concepts – engineering and science related. Maths C is recommended for students planning to undertake further study in mathematics – or those who have a strong interest or aptitude in maths.

Maths C students will find many university maths and science courses much easier than other students. In some cases, very successful Maths C students may negotiate with their university to skip the intro-level maths courses.


General Mathematics

More ‘concrete’ than the others covering length, area, shape, data, direction, distance utilising Pythagoras and trigonometry; it focuses more on skills for life and the technical trades, for example, tool-making, sheet-metal working, fitting and turning, carpentry and plumbing, auto mechanics, as well as, tourism and hospitality, and administrative and managerial employment.

Students find the content on home loans, car loans, credit cards, budget planning useful in their personal lives. The extension of geometry, statistics and probability are useful for trade, business and managerial careers.

Assumed prior knowledge is significantly less, compared to Methods or Spec Maths.


Essential Mathematics

A less challenging maths subject which focuses on essential life and work maths skill for students unable to undertake one of the other subjects – perhaps due to knowledge gaps or other learning challenges.

Essential Maths covers: calculations, graphs, managing money, time and motion, measurement, data summary, scale plans and models, probability, loans and interest.

All assessment is done by the school – no external exams.


The path to a successful maths mindset starts early!

Maths topics connect like the base of a pyramid to allow later topics to be built on top.

To give your child the best chance of studying Mathematical Methods talk to us years prior, when we can instil a foundation of mathematical thinking. Mid-to-late-primary school is perfect. Read how we do it.

Talk to us about your child’s future today.

Call 54781172, email principal@elc.net.au or contact us here.

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About the Author: Dan Blore
Dan Blore manages and teaches at Extended Learning Centres. He has spent 11 years’ in education after studying secondary education at University of the Sunshine Coast. He has taught in Australia and Germany and studied at university in Italy. He most enjoys teaching and studying mathematics and languages, which he focused on at university.

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